Growing air pollution due to the discharge of carbon dioxide gas from vehicles not only lead to the greenhouse effect and global warming but also influences storms, the new scientific study led down by the researchers at the University of Maryland claims.
Aerosols are the liquid or solid particles in the air is discharged out by huge industries and urban pollutants. Previously scientists claimed that aerosols are responsible for changing climatic and weather conditions. But recently they found it can have adverse effects on the powerful storms.
Aerosol particles can increase the intensity of stormy weather, concentration of clouds and more amount of precipitation. Zhanqing Li, at the University of Maryland, said, “The study gives a close collaboration between clouds, aerosols, and precipitation.”
Some areas such as Amazon forest have the very small amount of aerosol particles. Instead, the ultrafine aerosol may have an adverse effect. “This study will give us an idea of how the clouds and storm are formed, and what ways and methods can be adapted to predict future storms and its crisis”, Li added.
Size of storm creating ultrafine aerosols particles is around 50 nanometers. Even smaller than a blood cell which is 8,000 nanometres in size. Smaller ultrafine particles are much stronger and powerful than larger particles in triggering cloudy weather.
In absence of aerosol particles, water vapor can act as a medium to increase the humidity level and could even cross 100 percent scale, say the researchers. Though they are small in size they can be bulk quantity. They have the capacity allure large amount of water vapor particles from the environment.
This leads to the generation of a larger amount of heat making storm droplets more powerful than before. Beforehand, researchers never closely analyzed dirt particles coming from vehicles and huge industries. But after computerizing those, they proved how harmful these tiny particles can be for our environment.